Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Belmont Behavioral Health System to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Belmont Behavioral Health System.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Causes, Signs, & Effects of Conduct Disorder

Are you concerned that you or a loved one may be struggling with conduct disorder? Learn about the causes, signs, and effects to identify whether professional treatment may be necessary.

Understanding Conduct Disorder

Learn about conduct disorder

To receive a diagnosis for conduct disorder, individuals must demonstrate repetitive and consistent patterns of disregarding the basic rights of others or behaving in a way that is not appropriate for his or her age and expected rules and societal norms. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the behavioral symptoms of conduct disorder are categorized in four ways:

  • Aggression that threatens or causes harm to animals or people
  • Violations of rules and laws
  • Destruction of property
  • Theft or deceitfulness

Those who battle conduct disorder might display behavior from one or many of these categories. These behaviors tend to present themselves in many different places and times and lead to conflict and strain, as well as challenges in the lives of those afflicted with it and their families. Since these behaviors can be extreme, those with conduct disorder are often unable to function at work, at school, or in social settings.

Most commonly, conduct disorder is diagnosed in children and adolescents under the age of 16. However, this disorder can also be diagnosed in adults of all ages, and the symptoms that accompany this disorder can grow worse with age. Those who receive a childhood diagnosis of conduct disorder prior to the age of 10 are more likely to have symptoms during adulthood. Fortunately, however, treatments are available that can help individuals with conduct disorder to live full and fulfilling lives.

Statistics

Conduct disorder statistics

The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) estimates that between 2% and 10% of individuals meet criteria for conduct disorder in a given year. The disorder becomes more common into adolescence and is more common among males.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for conduct disorder

There are a number of factors that can increase an individual’s likelihood of developing conduct disorder. Below are the causes and risk factors connected to a diagnosis of conduct disorder:

Genetic: Like other mental health conditions, the onset of conduct disorder can be impacted significantly by one’s genetics. For example, someone who has a parent or a sibling with conduct disorder or a disorder similar to it will be more likely to experience similar problems. Those with a family history of mental illness, like bipolar disorder, alcohol use disorder, schizophrenia, substance use disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or depression have a greater risk of receiving a conduct disorder diagnosis.

Environmental: An individual’s environment can play a significant role in the development of conduct disorder. Those who were neglected or abused as children have an increased incidence of conduct disorder symptoms. Additionally, someone with a history of assault, sexual abuse, or accidents might also struggle with conduct disorder later in life.

Risk Factors:

  • Being the victim of abuse or neglect
  • Frequent moves or changes in caregivers during childhood
  • Parents who were involved in crime
  • A family history of substance use disorders
  • Experience being institutionalized as a child or adult
  • Being male
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of conduct disorder

Depending on someone’s age, the signs and symptoms of conduct disorder can vary. Adults who are older might experience conduct disorder differently than adolescents or young adults. When present in young adulthood, conduct disorder can cause individuals to experience a shift in hormones, sexual maturity, a peak of physical strength, and a growth of cognitive ability. Each of these factors can impact behavior, and since each individual is unique, the intensity of behaviors can vary.

Overall, conduct disorders can include:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Intimidates, threatens, and bullies other people
  • Has sexually assaulted another person
  • Theft of personal property or shoplifting
  • Fire-setting
  • Has caused harm to another person with a weapon
  • Is involved in or initiates fights
  • Property destruction
  • Frequently lies or bends the truth
  • Refuses to comply with job requirements
  • Engages in cruelty to animals or children

Physical symptoms:

  • Burns from starting fires
  • Injuries from physical fights or through destruction of property
  • Sexually transmitted diseases as a result of risky sexual behavior

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Lowered ability to concentrate on tasks
  • Low ability to control impulses

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • No remorse or guilt over actions
  • Little or no patience
  • Portrays a false belief of grandiosity
  • Little or no empathy
  • Irritability or agitation
Effects

Effects of conduct disorder

When allowed to go untreated, conduct disorder can ravage an individual’s life and the lives of those surrounding him or her. The effects and consequences of this condition can include:

  • Relationship conflicts
  • Domestic violence
  • Substance use disorders and substance dependence
  • Onset of other mental illnesses
  • Sexually transmitted diseases due to risky sexual behavior
  • Arrests or jail time
  • Difficulty obtaining and keeping a job
  • Family conflict
  • Financial difficulties
Co-Occurring Disorders

Conduct disorder and co-occurring disorders

Those who have conduct disorder will often struggle with additional mental illnesses at the same time. Unfortunately, when conduct disorder occurs alongside other disorders, the individual’s outcome often grows worse. Some examples of the disorders that can present themselves in conjunction with conduct disorder include:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
  • Substance use disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
not sure what to do next?